According to UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Science and Cultural Organization) at least 26% of a country’s national budget should be allocated to the educational sector especially if that country is a developing nation. These funds are meant to pay salaries for sector practitioners such as teachers and administrators; build and procure facilities, equipments and learning aids; as well as used to fund research especially at tertiary level.
Nigeria however, allocates less than 9% of her budget to education annually and this is probably the major reason for the continuous decline in examination performance by students for some years now. Find below some alarming statistics about the state of our educational sector in Nigeria.
Where we are…
|The ideal…||The Nigerian Realities|
|26% Budgetary allocation to the educational sector (UNESCO)||8.43% & 8.67% allocation to education in 2012 and 2013 budgets respectively|
|An aggregate ratio of 30 students to a Teacher/Classroom (UNESCO)||Average of 80 students to a Teacher/Classroom|
|Education for all children within school age||10.5 million children within school age are out of school (MDG Office & Ministry of Education)|
|ICT equipped classrooms and fully equipped laboratories||Less than 5% of secondary schools are fully equipped.|
|Highly skilled teachers that are well trained in the art of instruction||23% of the over 400,000 teachers employed in the nation’s primary schools do not possess the Teachers’ Grade Two Certificate, even when the National Certificate of Education (NCE) is the minimum educational requirement one should posses to teach in the nation’s primary schools|
|All educational institutions must have a conducive environment for learning. That is students must be well shielded from the elements when learning||About 2,015 primary schools are without buildings and classes are conducted under trees. (UNESCO)|
|80-90% of students finish primary & secondary school||3 out of 5 students drop out of school annually
|Just 30% of the students who registered in the 2011 West Africa Senior secondary School certificate examination attained a credit pass in English Language and Mathematics, which was an improvement to 2010’s 25%; 2009’s 25% and 2008’s 23%. (Mr. Iyi Uwadiae; Head, National Office, WAEC. Quoted in the Punch Newspapers July 4 2011)The embarrassing figure from the Ministry of Education states that number of illiterates in Nigeria has increased from 25million to 35million within a space of 10years (Chief Nyesom Wike, Federal Minister of Education, Nigeria. Quoted in This Day newspaper September 8 2013)The increase in spate of criminal activities ranging from armed robbery, kidnapping and armed militancy all over the country is another testament to the collapse of our educational sector and government.|
Therefore PEA Foundation is positioned to design and implement programs and projects that will reduce the impact of these challenges